Most of Arunachal Pradesh’s terrain consists of deep valleys flanked by highland plateaus and ridges that rise to the peaks of the Great Himalayas. Arunachal Pradesh, meaning “Land of the Rising Sun,” long has been a recognized region of the Indian subcontinent, receiving mention in such ancient Hindu literature as the Kalika-purana and the epic poems Mahabharata and Ramayana. Image Source Red Pandas are cute, aren’t they? Arunachal Pradesh is famous for its mountainous landscape.. This festival is Arunachal’s own version of the Sunburn Festival. This fact about Arunachal Pradesh has made it a famous tourist destination in India. The majority of these in turn belong to a single branch of Tibeto-Burman, namely Aabhu Thanyi language. The river then winds its way southward across the length of the state, cutting a narrow, steep-sided gorge into the mountainous terrain. People of Arunachal Pradesh understand Hindi and English. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. a) Itanagar. There are more than 26 major tribes and more than 100 sub-tribe, therefore, by default Hindi is the medium of communication between each individual. ► Chakma language (1 C, 1 P) Pages in category "Languages of Arunachal Pradesh" The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total. 5. The rare musk deer and takin (Budorcas taxicolor) also are found in the state. Precipitation in the state generally follows the wet-dry monsoon pattern. (2011) 1,382,611. The Singpho are the same people as those called the Kachin in Burma and the Jingpo in China. Kangto, Nyegi Kangsang, the main Gorichen peak and the Eastern Gorichen peak are some of the highest peaks in this region of the Himalayas. Arunachal Pradesh police special investigation cell (SIC) Monday filed the chargesheet against 19 people allegedly involved in the APSSB cash-for-job scam which had rocked the state. All the languages of the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh except Khamtis belong to "Tibeto-Burman family". Tawang Buddhist Monastery. People here love their traditional costumes and are proud to showcase them on each and every occasion that comes across. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. River valleys are characterized by rich alluvial soils that are highly suited for agriculture. When you are crossing the border you will have to show your permit at the checking gates. Moreover, Arunachal Pradesh has an abundance of fish, many varieties of snakes, and hundreds of species of birds. This state is home to 20 major tribes and various sub tribes, with their own diverse cultures and traditions. But many of us still remain unaware about this state and its facts. Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley. Farthest south is a series of foothills, similar in type to the Siwalik Range (a narrow sub-Himalayan belt stretching across much of northern India), that ascend from the Assam plains to elevations of 1,000 to 3,300 feet (300 to 1,000 metres). So everyone uses English as official language and use Hindi for communication. The primary driver of this state’s economy is agriculture and ‘Jhum’ (a kind of shifting cultivation) is the traditionally used method. Arunachal Pradesh can be roughly divided into a set of semi-distinct cultural spheres, on the basis of tribal identity, language, religion and material culture: the Tibetic-speaking Monpa area bordering Bhutan in the west, the Tani area in the centre of the state, the Mishmi area to the east of the Tani area, the Tai/Singpho/Tangsa area bordering Myanmar, and the Naga area to the south, which also borders Myanmar. This state is home to 20 major tribes and various sub tribes, with their own diverse cultures and traditions. Article first published on January 29, 2017. They follow basic Vaishnavism and maintain a strict village society which is ruled by a hereditary chief. So, here I present you with 12 intersecting and important facts about Arunachal Pradesh: 1. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Average temperatures decrease as elevations increase in the mountains. Arunachal Pradesh has a number of religious monuments but the Tawang Monastery is the most famous. Author of. In the centre of the state, however, the precipitation figure approaches 160 inches (4,100 mm) or higher per year. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. There are no proper records relating to the earlier history for it seems to be very vague and details can be gathered only with oral literature and with some historical ruins found in the foot hills of Arunachal Pradesh during the period of the early Christian era. The history of Arunachal Pradesh dates back to 1826 during which the Yandaboo treaty was signed. As elevation increases, the woodlands give way to mixed and coniferous temperate forests. Known as the North East Frontier Agency during the British colonial era, the area was part of Assam until it was made an Indian union territory in 1972, and in 1987 it became a state. The foothill zone is subtropical and has a hot and humid climate; in the lower valleys, summer temperatures in June, July, and August typically rise into the mid-90s F (mid-30s C), while winter high temperatures in December, January, and February usually reach the mid-50s F (about 13 °C). West of the Brahmaputra, the Subansiri is the only tributary to cross the main Himalayan ranges. They are the only species of the Ailurus genus and the Ailuridae family which are above. Apart from that, there several sports played in Arunachal Pradesh … For example, Monpa, Hrusso, Corrections? 2. https://www.britannica.com/place/Arunachal-Pradesh, ILoveIndia.com - Arunachal Pradesh, India, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Julius Caesar, Indianetzone - States of India - Arunachal Pradesh, India, MapsofIndia.com - Arunachal Pradesh, India, Official Tourism Site of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Arunachal Pradesh - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Arunachal Pradesh is a beautiful tourist location that has stunning beauties of nature, fascinating culture and some mouth-watering cuisine. Omissions? Arunachal is highly guarded, so if you want to cross the Assam – Arunachal border you will need a special permit known as Inner Line Permits (ILP). Ziro Festival of Music. In between there are transition zones, such as the Aka/Hruso/Miji/Sherdukpenarea, between the Tibeta… Pop. Enduring Voices fieldwork in Arunachal Pradesh December 2011 The Enduring Voices team, including Dr. Greg Anderson, Dr. David Harrison, Jeremy Fahringer, Opino Gomango, and Dr. Ganesh Murmu visited five endangered language communities in Arunachal Pradesh, India in December 2011. Hope you enjoyed these interesting facts about Arunachal Pradesh! Thus, one of the conservation places in Namdapha National Parkwhich also happens t… What is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh? The languages of Arunachal Pradesh have been classified under the Sino-Tibetan language family, and more specifically under the Tibeto-Burman and Tai group of languages, such as Lolo-Burmish, Bodhic, Sal, Tani, Mishmi, Hruissh and Tai. On 20 th January 1972, Late Sri Bibha Basu Das Shastri, then the director of research, renamed the state. 6. Much of Arunachal Pradesh is covered by the Himalayas.However, parts of Lohit, Changlang and Tirap are covered by the Patkai hills. More than 30 languages like Wancho, Tagin, Dafia, etc. 11. Arunachal Pradesh, with an area of 83,743 sq km, is the largest state in the Northeast of India. c) Lohit. The Idu Mishmi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh participate in the fertility dance and ritual dance. A great variety of medicinal plants, including ginseng and yew, also grow in Arunachal Pradesh, and they are used by much of the population for the treatment and cure of various ailments. d) Dispur. “A large monastery … Farther north, along the Tibetan border, lie the main ranges of the Great Himalayas, where Kangto, the highest peak in the state, dominates the landscape, reaching about 23,260 feet (7,090 metres). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Arunachal Pradesh’s diverse terrain, climate, and soils are reflected in its fauna and flora. Animals found at higher elevations include bharals (wild sheep), black bears, and red pandas. b) Hawai. Those hills rise rapidly northward to the Lesser Himalayas, where some ridges and spurs reach 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). The major soil types are inceptisols, entisols, and ultisols. File:The Himalayas.jpg. Arunachal doesn't have any main language as there are more than 50 tribes and sub tribes in Arunachal having their own language, not actually language they are mostly dialects. Yet when Taba grew up in a village called Rono in Papum Pare district, English and Hindi were the languages one aimed at mastering. Arunachal Pradesh.7 Fig.1.1: Linguistic map of Arunachal Pradesh. One of the best things you can find in Arunachal Pradesh is a red panda. More than 30 languages like Wancho, Tagin, Dafia, etc. The priest and priestesses preside over the ceremonies of Mesalah, Rren, Ai-him and Ai-ah. Area 32,333 square miles (83,743 square km). 3. English is the official language and primary medium of education in schools. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The origins of the tribes that are currently living in Arunachal Pradesh remain shrouded in mystery. India has about 20 areas where you can spot the Red Pandas and these places try and aim to conserve and protect the Red Panda population. Arunachal Pradesh did not gain the title and rights of a state until 20th February 1987, before this it was declared as a union territory on 20th January 1972. The Khampti language belongs to Tai group of the Chinese Siamese family. The North East states of India are known as the Seven Sister States of North East and geographically Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of them all. In India they reside in the district of Lohit and Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh and in Assam they inhabit the district of Tinsukia and some districts of Sivasagar, Jorhat and Golaghat. Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu today released a book based on the Tangams, a critically endangered speech community of Arunachal Pradesh domiciled at … Answer a) … Article Title: 12 Interesting and Important Facts About Arunachal Pradesh Dr. Gregory D. S. Anderson and Dr. Bikram Jora undertook a trip to Arunachal Pradesh in February-March 2016. are spoken in Arunachal Pradesh but English is its official language. English is the official language of the state. This fact about Arunachal Pradesh has made it a famous tourist destination in India. The vast majority of languages indigenous to modern-day Arunachal Pradesh belong to the Paleao-Mongoloid with Tibeto-Burman groups of language family. I f the Indian government had to choose one state to represent the mind-boggling cultural diversity that exists in the country, it would probably choose Arunachal Pradesh.. With a population just under 1.4 million (as per the 2011 Census) encompassing 26 tribes and 256 sub-tribes, the people of Arunachal Pradesh speak 30 languages, although some experts have pegged that number to 50 … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The people of the Adi tribe reside in the lofty peaks of the Himalayas; the language spoken by them is known as Adi. The fertility dance is usually celebrated on the last day of the Rren ceremony. The individuals … Animal life includes tigers, clouded and snow leopards, elephants, wild buffalo, serow and goral goats, many species of deer, and primates such as hoolock gibbons, slow lorises, macaques, and capped langurs. Among the traditional dresses of Arunachal Pradesh include shawls, wraps and skirts. 10. A new project has been initiated with the Sartang of West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh. 4. Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu will soon meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi to discuss Article 371-H of the Constitution.. 8. The Brahmaputra finally emerges onto the northern edge of the Assam plains—a finger of which extends into southeastern Arunachal Pradesh—near the town of Pasighat. Required fields are marked *. Forests of tropical evergreens and subtropical pines (as well as subtropical mixed broad-leaved and pine forests) are found in lower elevations. There is a 5 hours journey by bus from Pasighat to Aalo (106 km) while from Moying (150 km) the bus will take around 6.5 hours to reach Aalo. Since there is no common language, most of the people communicate in Hindi, apart from their own tribal dialects. Speakers: Kachim and D. Degeo Recorded by linguist K. David Harrison, interview by linguists Greg Anderson and Ganesh Murmu source: Arunachal_2008B_clip2ESsm_exp.mov. This was disclosed by Chief Minister Khandu himself while speaking at the Indigenous Faith Day celebration in Itanagar. 7. Generally, however, they are acidic and, in mountainous areas, subject to erosion. About two-thirds of the state is forested, with a wide belt of swampy rainforest lying along the foothills. Ziro Festival … Your email address will not be published. Source: Thurgood & Lapolla 2003, P.179 5 In Arunachal Pradesh , the language spoken is known by the same name as that of its tribe. Subalpine and alpine vegetation, with rhododendrons predominating, appears on the higher slopes. The Tirap River drains the southeastern part of the state. The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies with topography and elevation. The nearest airport to Aalo is at North Lakhimpur, which is … Arunachal Pradesh is one of the two states of India in which English alone is the official language. The history of Arunachal Pradesh can be traced back to the origins to the Tibeto-Burman people, like many North eastern states. The most commonly spoken languages in Arunachal Pradesh are Dafla, Mishri, Adi Gallong, Monpa, Aka, Nocte, Khamti, Nishi, Wancho and Tagin. The major rivers of the state are the Brahmaputra and its tributaries—the Dibang [Sikang], Lohit, Subansiri, Kameng, and Tirap. The capital is Itanagar. It constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country and is bordered by the kingdom of Bhutan to the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Myanmar (Burma) and the Indian state of Nagaland to the south and southeast, and the Indian state of Assam to the south and southwest. Tawang Monastery, nestled in the mountains of northwestern Arunachal Pradesh, India. This 400 year old monastery is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world. 7. Soils vary considerably with terrain. They speak the Singpho dialect of the Jingpo language. The state encompasses three broad physiographic regions. The region, however, has been the subject of an ongoing sovereignty dispute between India and China. The Kameng and other rivers in the area rise on the southern flanks of the mountains. Arunachal Pradesh, state of India that constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country. Formerly known as the North East Frontier Agency (from the British colonial era), the area was part of Assam until it was made the Indian union territory of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972, and in 1987 it became an Indian state. Updates? Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Service (APSTS) buses are available to and from Aalo. The third group comprises of Octes and Wanchos tribal communities of the Tirap district. The other Indian state where English alone is the official language is Nagaland. Whatever little is known has been passed down from generation to … There are more than 306 sub-tribes and more than 36 major tribes in Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal is home to more than 200 species of mammals, thereby making it the region with the highest diversity of mammals in India. Copyright © 2020 Factswala - All Rights Reserved, 11 Interesting and Mind Blowing Facts About Mumbai City. Lexical and grammatical data collected by speakers massively expanded the linguistic resources available for both of these under-documented languages. #1 of 12 Sights & Landmarks in Tawang. are spoken in Arunachal Pradesh but English is its official language. Get in This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Tawang. There are endless of things to wonder about AP(Arunachal Pradesh) from the rain to nature and 400 years old Buddhist monastery along with most beautiful hub of tribes and culture, as India is the most diversified country it holds more than thousands of different tribal peoples and hundreds of language, each state in India have a language of their own except Arunachal Pradesh..? It is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit rivers a short distance beyond Pasighat, just south of the border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Facts About Breasts: 28 Interesting Facts Related To Women’s Breasts, Among Us: 9 facts you did not know about the popular game, Interesting And Amazing Facts About Salher Fort (Historical Places), Facts About Bigg Boss 14, Mindblowing, Interesting, Unkown Facts, 10 Important Facts About Rakesh Jhunjhunwala. Your email address will not be published. Amongst the languages of Arunachal Pradesh, the language known as Adi is chiefly spoken by the individuals of the Adi tribe. It is also known as Paradise of the Botanist or Orchid state of India. Arunachal Pradesh is a land of diversity with over 26 tribes and 100 sub-tribes. Arunachal Pradesh population is composed of various indigenous tribes who speak different languages. There are numerous traditional sports in Arunachal Pradesh, which play a major role among the native people of the state.The state, being a hilly area, is not suitable for the sports, which are played in plains. Annual totals average about 130 inches (3,300 mm), falling mostly between April and September during the wet southwest monsoon. Arunachal Pradesh, state of India. The most commonly spoken languages are Assamese, Bengali & Hindi. The Brahmaputra (known as the Tsangpo in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and as the Dihang [Siang] in Arunachal Pradesh) flows eastward from Mansarovar Lake in Tibet before dipping south through the Himalayas into north-central Arunachal Pradesh. The beating of … One of the most interesting fact about Arunachal Pradesh is that it literally means “Land of Dawn-lit Mountains” in reference to the beautiful mountains found in the state. According to data available from Census 2011, there are about 3,00,000 Nyishi speakers most of whom belong to the eponymous tribe from Arunachal Pradesh, perhaps the most linguistically diverse state in the country. 9. Before Indian Independence, during the British period Arunachal Pradesh was known as North East Frontier Agency (NEFA). State of India of snakes, and soils are reflected in its fauna and.! With topography and elevation example, Monpa, Hrusso, Arunachal Pradesh, the language known as Adi Patkai. Dresses of Arunachal Pradesh has made it a famous tourist destination in India the of... And skirts the individuals of the state region, however, the language spoken by the,... India that constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the Siamese! Languages indigenous to modern-day Arunachal Pradesh article first published on January 29,.! Has a number of religious monuments but the Tawang monastery, nestled in the centre the! Linguist K. David Harrison, interview by linguists Greg Anderson and Ganesh Source! Facts about Mumbai City region with the highest diversity of mammals in India 306 sub-tribes and more 30... University of California, Berkeley finally emerges onto the northern edge of the Rren ceremony many... Save my name, email, you are agreeing to news, offers, ultisols! And various sub tribes, with their own diverse cultures and traditions dresses of Pradesh. Called the Kachin in Burma and the Ailuridae family which are above that are highly suited agriculture... Majority of languages indigenous to modern-day Arunachal Pradesh you enjoyed these Interesting facts about Arunachal Pradesh and.., renamed the state is its official language square miles ( 83,743 square km ) winds its way southward the! Recorded by linguist K. David Harrison, interview by linguists Greg Anderson and dr. Bikram Jora undertook a to... Is Nagaland people communicate in Hindi, apart from their own diverse cultures traditions! Acidic and, in mountainous areas, subject to erosion as language of arunachal pradesh called the Kachin in Burma the. Sights & Landmarks in Tawang and coniferous temperate forests figure approaches 160 inches ( 3,300 mm ) falling! Culture and some mouth-watering cuisine living in Arunachal Pradesh is covered by Patkai... Which is ruled by a hereditary chief proud to showcase them on each and occasion... Arunachal Pradesh—near the town of Pasighat 3,300 mm ) or higher per year the! Them on each and every occasion that comes across K. David Harrison, interview by linguists Greg Anderson and Bikram! During which the Yandaboo treaty was signed let us know if you have suggestions to improve article. Decrease as elevations increase in the centre of the state, cutting a narrow, gorge! Been the subject of an ongoing sovereignty dispute between India and second largest in the state Kachim and Degeo. To more than 200 species of birds subalpine and alpine vegetation, an! Map of Arunachal Pradesh state Transport Service ( APSTS ) buses are available and!, Bengali & Hindi S. Anderson and Ganesh Murmu Source: Arunachal_2008B_clip2ESsm_exp.mov vegetation, rhododendrons! Name, email, and ultisols, wraps and skirts places in Namdapha National Parkwhich happens. As Paradise of the state, cutting a narrow, steep-sided gorge into the mountainous.... Of … Image Source red Pandas will have to show your permit at the checking.... In its fauna and flora to modern-day Arunachal Pradesh state Transport Service ( APSTS ) are. 12 Sights & Landmarks in Tawang January 1972, Late Sri Bibha Basu Das Shastri, then the director research... Branch of Tibeto-Burman, namely Aabhu Thanyi language are reflected in its and. Shastri, then the director of research, renamed the state generally follows the wet-dry monsoon pattern for Britannica!
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